Amoxicillin is an antibiotic used to treat a broad range of bacterial infections. It is a member of the beta lactam family of drugs. This is the group that includes penicillin and other chemically similar medications, which stop the growth of bacteria by inhibiting their ability to form a protective cell wall during proliferation.
What is Amoxicillin Ingredients
First reported by the Beecham Research Laboratories of the United Kingdom in 1973, amoxicillin is a semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin. The chemical difference between the two is only an additional group in amoxicillin, but the practical implications of this are significant. Multiple studies have shown that amoxicillin is better absorbed by the body than penicillin and other members of its family, thus making it more effective in combating infection.
Amoxicillin is produced by several pharmaceutical companies in a number of different formulations, among which are syrups, oral suspensions, capsules, and chewable tablets. The active ingredient in all of these preparations is invariably the amoxicillin compound itself, but the inactive amoxicillin ingredients may vary considerably between formulations.
Inactive Amoxicillin Ingredients
Inactive ingredients include dyes, flavorings, and chemical excipients. These last are substances that stabilize the active ingredient to ensure that it will get to its proper target at the right time, while also improving the product’s taste, texture and smell at the same time. Commonly used excipients include magnesium stearate and titanium dioxide. The differences in the inactive ingredients of amoxicillin formulations are especially apparent when you consider branded and generic medication.
You might also find clavulanic acid listed among amoxicillin ingredients. This substance stops bacteria from destroying amoxicillin, thus increasing the drug’s effectiveness against microorganisms.
Allergic Reactions to Amoxicillin Ingredients
Allergic reactions to amoxicillin have been known to occur – members of the penicillin family of antibiotics are, in fact, some of the most common causes of drug-related allergies in the United States. Inform your doctor if you know that you’re allergic to penicillin, ampicillin, dicloxacillin, oxacillin, or other related drugs so as to avoid a potentially harmful prescription (remember, you’re physician won’t know if you don’t tell!).
If you are concerned about your reaction to amoxicillin ingredients, talk to your physician. It only takes a simple skin test to determine if you’re allergic to the drug or any of the added components in the formulation. You and your doctor can also contact the pharmaceutical company that produces the drug to ask about their amoxicillin ingredients if you’re worried about the presence of lactose or other substances that might affect you adversely. It has been reported that amoxicillin makes birth control pills less effective, so you might also want to talk to your health care professional about this. Ask after other non-hormone methods of birth control to use while talking amoxicillin.
Keep in mind that for amoxicillin to work properly, you must only take it as prescribed: do not deviate from the recommended dosage, or alter how and when you take the medicine without your doctor’s knowledge. Immediately seek medical assistance if you start to feel any adverse effects during the course of your treatment.